Proteins In The Fruitarian Diet
                                                            By: Dr. Herbert M. Shelton

                                                  Can man get adequate protein from a Fruit Diet?  
    This is to ask: If a man were to attempt to live as a
     strict Frugivore,  could he be adequately

     We put this question in relation to the protein of
      this diet because there is no question about the
ability of a Fruitarian diet to supply adequacies of fats, carbohydrates,
minerals and vitamins.  

Many efforts have been made to live upon a diet of Fruits only, usually with
only marked degree of success.  

It has usually been found that such diets are improved by the addition of
green leafy vegetables.  It is probable that this need has resulted from an
insufficient variety of Fruits.  

Certainly when we consider the wide range of food substances included
under the term Fruit, there would seem to be no necessity for inadequacies in
the diet of the Fruitarian.  

Nuts, which are Fruits, are nearly all rich in protein of high biological value,
capable of supplying adequacies of all the amino acids essential to growth
and reproduction.  

The biologist defines a Fruit as
"a ripened ovary with or without associated
 To make this a bit more complete, a Fruit is the matured ovary of the
flower, its contents and all intimately connected parts.  

Fruits are often more complicated than this description indicates.  In addition
to the development of the ovary wall, the calyx may also become fleshy and
envelope the ovary as in the apple and pear; or the end of the stem
(receptacle) may enlarge and form a part of the Fruit, as in the strawberry
and blackberry.  

Tough shells or rinds may form for protection, as in nuts and lemons; or a
delicious flesh may envelop a hard inner stone, as in the peach and plum.  

Some Fruits, as the potato and peanut, are matured underground.  

All of these developments serve to perform a few simple functions:

They protect the ovules and seed while they are maturing.  

They prevent loss of water.  

They provide for seed dispersal.  

An animal eats the Fruit and discards the seed at a distance from the parent
plant.  Edible Fruits may thus be said to be the coin with which the plant
compensates the animal for services rendered—that of dispersing the seed.  

A seed is a matured ovule enclosed in the fruit.  Many Fruits are merely
mechanical devices to secure seed dispersal and are not edible.  We need
not consider these in our discussion of Fruits.  

A brief glance at the evolution of a Fruit may help us in forming a clear picture
of a Fruit.  The ovary grows as the seed develops, giving rise to a Fruit.  

A Fruit, in this sense, is not necessarily a fleshy edible product, but the seed-
carrying organ of the plant.  It is customary to include nuts in the category of
Fruits, although, it is the seed rather than the seed-carrying organ that we eat.  

A Fruit may consist of a single ovary with but one seed, as in grains, nuts,
cherries, plums and peaches, or it may evolve from a single ovary which has
several seeds, as the bean, pea, apple and orange.  

Then there are flowers, which possess several ovaries, which combine to
form compound Fruits like the strawberry or raspberry.  

With the foregoing explanation in mind, it should not be difficult for each of
my readers to answer himself the question: Is the tomato a Fruit or a
vegetable?  Fruits are all produced by plants and, in this sense, they are all
vegetables.  But they are special parts of plants and are classed as fruits
because of this.  

The tomato, as the matured ovary of the tomato flower containing seed, is
quite obviously as much a Fruit as the apple or orange.  The cucumber
squash, pumpkin and similar foods are Fruits.  

Confining ourselves, in this discussion to edible Fruits, and ignoring those
Fruits that serve only as seed dispersers and have no food values, Fruits are
either dry or fleshy, simple or compound, depending on the character and
development of the ovary, which formed them.  

Examples of fleshy Fruits are the apple, pear, cherry, peach, apricot, plum,
nectarine, mango, banana, tomato, and gooseberry.  

Examples of dry Fruits are legumes (beans and peas), acorn, hickory nut,
pecan, walnut and almond.  

Thus it will be seen that the term Fruitarian may be used in a wider sense than
is commonly thought.  Indeed, in a biological sense, it may be made to include
eating practices that probably should be foreign to man.  This is to say that
there may be more than one Fruitarian category in nature.  

We are justified in classing the grain-eating birds as Fruitarian, but it is
doubtful that grains should form a part of the normal diet of man.  

There are Fruits that are poisonous, some of them poisonous before ripening,
others poisonous after ripening.  These latter should be excluded from man's

An excellent example of a Fruit of this kind, one that is commonly eaten, is the
cranberry.  Sumac berries we refrain from eating, because, although tasty,
they are toxic.  

Some plant substances are poisonous to some animals and not to others.  An
example is belladonna, which, highly poisonous to man, is non-toxic to the
rabbit after it is six weeks old.  

After this age the rabbit secretes an enzyme that enables it to digest the two
toxins in the plant.  Man produces no such enzyme.  

In the same manner a Fruit that may be poisonous to man may prove to be an
excellent food for other animals.  Nothing seems to eat the sumac berries.  It
may be possible that they are toxic to all forms of life.  

They are regarded as good herbal medicines, precisely because they are
toxic.  My readers should keep always in mind the rule of medicine: If the
plant is non-toxic, it is food; if it is toxic, it is

            Humans Developed To Their Highest State Entirely On Fruits
Humans declare themselves to be the highest form of animal life.  
Paleontology teaches that hominid forms of life appeared on Earth some sixty
million years ago.  

Distinct human forms have been identified from fossil finds dating back about
four million years.  Pre-hominid beings were insect eaters but, as some types
of pre-hominids took to the trees, they gradually became Fruit eaters.  

Fruit eaters, proving quite harmonious to the needs of Fruit-bearing trees,
stimulated the growth of better and more nutritious Fruits.  Evolving trees
developed the bearing of Fruits as a viable way of existence.  

The interplay between Fruit-eating animals and Fruit-bearing trees begot an
ever-greater profusion and variety of Fruits.  Myriads of different Fruits were
developed to attract Fruit eaters.  

In this symbiotic relationship, trees grew Fruits as foods for animals in
exchange for a service—the service of seed distribution, thus insuring
survival of kind.  

On the other hand Fruits proved such wonderful fare for Fruit eaters that they
became the raw materials for superior growth and endowment.  

Our ancestors of sixty million years ago weighed just a few pounds.  They
thrived so well on the Fruit diet that they became too heavy for tree life.  
These precocious developers were called primates.  

The brains of certain branches of primate life, notably those branches that
became humans, developed rapidly and became quite large relative to other
forms of life.  

Let us examine how this symbiosis between humans and Fruit trees created
the superb creatures, which we regard ourselves as being.  

                                         The Evidence Of Paleontology
Paleontology is that branch of science, which deals with fossil remains.  
Inasmuch as our objective is to establish that Fruits are our natural fare and
that we thrive best on an all-Fruit diet, we'll refer to fossil evidence that
particularly affirms our adaptation to fruit.  

Dr. Alan Walker of Johns Hopkins University in Maryland examined the fossil
remains of humans.  After making detailed examinations, especially of the
teeth, he concluded that humans were exclusively and only Fruit eaters.  

Walker's examinations were detailed in the May 15, 1979 issue of The New
York Times.  His findings came like a bombshell into our culture, where Fruits
are relatively sparse in the diet.  

                                         The Evidence Of Anthropology  
Anthropology is the study of Humans.  The study of anthropology involves
the origin and development of Humans in cultural, social, physical and racial

Anthropologists have established that Human culture; social organization
and body adaptations arose from a background in nature as a Fruit-feeding

Humans, like their primate and simian cousins in nature, are clannish in social
organization.  Most of their acculturization involves the beauty of their natural
foods, Fruits, and the trees, which produce them.  

Physically, humans developed on ruits just as our simian and other primate
relatives in nature.  In consequence anthropologists and biologists have
classified humans as Frugivores or Fruit eaters.  

                                         The Evidence of Archaeology
Archaeology concerns itself with the artifacts of past peoples and
civilizations.  Archaeology also confirms our Fruit growing and consuming
past.  Archaeological finds show that we've been heavy eaters of Fruit from
remotest antiquity.  

On the other hand, we've eaten grains only for the past six to ten thousand
years.  Our Meat-eating past as civilized peoples has been limited to recent
times and has usually been confined to those peoples living in the far North.  

Most of the world's peoples still consume little or no meat.  Grains have
become a practically universal diet, though there are pockets of tuber, legume
and Fruit eaters.  

Throughout Europe the mounds and great stones attest to Fruit cultivation.  
Much pottery from ancient times has upon it inscriptions and drawings of

Fruit gathering and storing vessels are found over much of civilized earth.  
The records left by our ancestors attest to the great role Fruits played in our

                                              The Evidence Of History
Much of our recorded history was destroyed during the destruction of the
great libraries of Alexandria and Carthage.  What remains tells us of great
gardens and orchards.  

Herodotus, the Greek historian, records that Greeks were heavy eaters
of olives, figs, dates, grapes, apples, oranges and other fare.  This noted
historian wrote:

"The oldest inhabitants of Greece, the Pelasgians, who came before the
Dorian, Ionian and Elian migrations, inhabited Arcadia and Thessaly,
possessing the islands of Lesbos and Lakemanas, which were full of orange
groves.  The people with their diet of dates and oranges lived on an average of
more than 200 years."  

Another Greek, the poet Hesiod, said:

"The Pelasgians and the people who came after them in Greece, ate Fruits
of the virgin forest and blackberries from the fields."  

Plutarch, the Greek biographer, observed:

"The ancient Greeks, before the time of Lycurgus, ate nothing but Fruits."  

Pythagoras, one of the wisest of the ancient sages, is credited with being the
father of mathematics, modern astronomy, philosophy and other sciences,
and was perhaps the greatest, of all Greeks.  His fare was almost entirely

Much of our history indicates that our ancestors were Fruitarians.  But,
history books today omit or falsify our past and our Fruit-eating nature.  

Biology and physiology books are also so altered.  Even such a simple
word as Frugivore has been omitted from most current dictionaries and

                                The Evidence Of Legends And Traditions
Much of organized religion had its origins in sun and tree worshiping
societies.  Apollo is a god of the apple tree.  His name means apple.  

Avalon means the fabled island of apples.  The Garden of Eden was an
orchard.  Its walls corresponded with the ancient
''para desa" or walled
orchards.  These walls kept the orchards intact from animals and retained
the day's heat to protect against the night's chill.  

The most fabled land of Fruits was Java.  After this land was named, Japan,
Hawaii and many other countries paid homage to Java as their homeland.  

Israel was once the land of Yahveh (YHVH), which may be pronounced the
same as Java.  Such names as valhalla (originally avalhalla) merely means
"apple hole" or a place for apple storage.  

Many places throughout Europe as well as many of the pagan deities have
names that correspond with Java and the names of Fruits.  

Henry Bailey Stevens has created an excellent book,
The Recovery of Culture,
which gives evidence of our Fruitarian past as found in lingering legends and

Sir James G. Fraser's
The Golden Bough is the most thoroughgoing
publication ever on the origins of deities, beliefs and rituals.  

A reading of
The Golden Bough will quickly reveal that most systems of
reverence were built around climate, the sun, trees and the Fruits they

                                               The Evidence Of Anatomy
What we are is attested to by our anatomical makeup.  Our physical character
has been determined by our arboreal past.  

Fruitarians of the mammalian primate order have revolving joints in their
shoulder, wrist and elbow joints.  These allow for free movement in all

They have hands and fingers with opposable first digits (thumb) for grasping
and gathering the product of trees.  

Fruit gatherers and tree dwellers have stereoscopic binocular vision.  This
makes possible vision that is precise in its ascertainment of positions of limbs
and objects.  

Frugivores developed larger brains than their animal counterparts.  All have
only two mammary glands and usually have only one offspring per

The teeth of humans are identical in almost every respect to our anthropoid
relatives in number, kind and usage.  

We do not here intend to prove the biological relationship of our simian
relatives.  We only wish to prove that our teeth are practically identical to
acknowledged frugivores.  

Anatomically, humans are in most particulars unlike herbivores, carnivores
and omnivores.  

Every organ and system differs radically because each is suited to the
animal's respective modes of food acquisition, eating and digestion.  

                                          The Evidence Of Physiology
The structures of humans attest them to be in every respect Fruitarians.  

This fact is irrevocably confirmed by the functions of the human body.  
Every alimentary function is geared to a Fruitarian dietary.  

In keeping with other Frugivores, Human saliva is alkaline.  An alkaline
environment of the mouth and, consequently, the stomach, is chemically
necessary to handle starches, which are sometimes incidental to Fruits.  
Further, it initiates the neutralization of the acids of many Fruits.  

In contrast, the saliva of Meat-Eating animals is of an extremely acid
character.  Proteins such as those found in meats require an acid medium for
their digestion.  

The high acidity of the saliva of carnivora greatly assists in dissolving and
digesting flesh with almost no mastication.  

The natural food of Humans is readily absorbed without any digestion other
than the proteins, fats and starches incidental to it.  

The simple sugars of Fruit undergo no change in the stomach or duodenum,
being absorbed directly as fructose and glucose as it exists in Fruits.  

The fare that is recommended by conventional nutritionists is classified into
"basic four food groups."  

The foods listed under the "basic four" present nearly impossible digestive
tasks to the body, especially when combined into a single meal as

Over 50% of the meals eaten in America result in indigestion.  The cause for
this indigestion is the eating of wrong foods wrongly combined.  

Even if eaten alone, legumes result in digestive problems.  We are not
physiologically equipped to handle the heavy concentration and
combinations of fat, starch and protein found in legumes.  

Indigestion and gas result from the eating of legumes, especially if they're
eaten with foods other than green leaves, stalks and stems.  

Even if eaten alone, meats will digest poorly and invariably undergo
putrefaction to some extent before absorption.  

Even if eaten alone, grains and starchy foods stress the human digestive

Inordinate amounts of mechanical, chemical and nerve energy are required
for the digestion of grains, whether eaten raw or cooked.  

Physiologically, meats furnish us practically nothing except amino acids.  

Almost no energy is derived from flesh when man eats it.  The amino acids of
proteins will be broken down for energy only in the absence of carbohydrates
and fats, which are our primary sources of energy.  

Hence, ingestion of protein foods beyond our small need of 20 to 30 grams
daily is without justification and in practice is generative of pathological by-

Foods other than those of our biological adaptation usually have some
indigestible components that make them toxic in the human body.  

For instance, milk is pathogenic to humans.  We do not have the enzymes
rennin and lactase to break down casein and lactose respectively.  

Wheat is pathogenic because we do not have enzymes to break down phytic
acid and gluten.  Other grains are similarly pathogenic.  

Vegetables often have toxic substances, notably oxalic acid, mustard oil,
allicin, aloin, glycosides, toxic alkaloids, etc.  

When we consider human physiology, we must do so within the context of
nature rather than in the environment of modern acculturization.  

Thus, we must consider foods that we would have eaten raw in the natural
state in our pristine environment as being consonant with our physiological

All the evidence points to Fruits as being the food of our adaptation.  The
evidence points to nothing else—no insects, no grass, no grain, no leaves,
stems or stalks, no animals, no tubers or roots and not even any nuts.

The most conclusive evidence submitted has stated that we were exclusively
and only fruit eaters.  

Humans secrete a paucity of enzymes as compared with Meat-eaters,
omnivores, starch-eaters, etc.  

We secrete a very weak solution of hydrochloric acid necessary for
Meat- eaters.  

We secrete very little of only one starch-splitting enzyme, amylase (ptyalin).  
And our ability to digest fats is also very poor.  

We have the ability to efficiently handle only one type of food—foods
comprised of monosaccharides or simple sugars.  Only fruits meet this

Fruits are said to be
"cleansing" foods.  The Fruits do, not, of themselves,
cleanse the body.  

The ascription is earned because the body handles Fruits so efficiently it can
redirect much of the energy that had been expended on wrong foods to the
tasks of extraordinary elimination.  Further, raw Fruits or their juices do not
leave any toxic substances in the body.  

Fruits are our ideal food and the only foods capable of meeting our
physiological capabilities in every respect.  

                                           The Evidence Of Psychology
Of all the areas that have been explored as to our dietetic character, this
aspect of our being has received scant attention.  

Fortunately, our psychological disposition has not changed with respect to
our dietary nature, just as our physiology and anatomy are the same today
as they were millions of years ago.  

Imagine yourself in a state of nature today without tools, without any ability to
make a fire—with only the resources of your natural equipment in a very food-
rich environment.  

Let us say that, in your immediate area, there are open spaces and trees.  Let
us presume that a substantial number of these trees bear Fruits and nuts.  

Let us presume that in the open spaces grow grass, tubers and weeds.  Let
us further presume that the environment has a prolific fauna of birds, rabbits,
squirrels, hogs, deer and other creatures.  

Picture yourself in this environment.  Can you imagine for a moment that you
would delight in the capture of a deer with your bare hands under the speed
you could develop by running or by surprising the deer and pouncing upon it,
then sinking your
"fangs" into it and dispatching it by a fatal bite to its jugular
vein, heart or other organ?  

Would you relish a bloody face and body while you feasted upon flesh, offal,
bones, blood and organs?  Would this delight your palate, or does the very
idea repulse you?  

Can you imagine gathering the miniscule seeds of grass for hours on end
for sufficient calories to meet your bodily needs?  And then more hours of
laborious chewing a few hard grains at a time to ensalivate and comminute
them preparatory to digestion?  

Can you imagine digging tubers and eating them as tuber eaters do?  
Unwashed—with soil and tuber too.  

With your snout, you'd unearth the tubers and quickly dispatch them,
digesting them readily with copious quantities of the four to six starch-
splitting enzymes that true starch eaters have.  Do you relish this, or does the
very idea repulse you?  

Do you think you'd relish weed eating?  Do you think you could get your
requirements from these precursors to today's vegetables?  

Or would you warm to the idea of taking ripened bananas directly from the
stalk?  Of plucking ripe figs and mouthing them in the tree's shade?  Of
breaking open luscious melons and eating their sweet succulent nectar?  

Just think what appeals to you most and what is most repulsive to you.  You
can readily determine, from your own feelings, our psychological disposition
toward improper and proper foods when you consider them and your
relationship to them in a totally natural context.  

If you see a squirrel, is it your natural disposition to snatch and eat it, or to be
kind to it?  Do you have the heart to try and kill the charming little creature?  

People actually do relish the sight of packages of beefsteak, chicken legs and
breasts and other prepared and embalmed carrion.  

Despite these perversions, it is the rare person that does not look with favor
upon watermelons, cantaloupes, pineapples, strawberries and other Fruits.  

Despite their eating perversions, most peoples' palates are easily won back
to Fruits by taking them through a Fast and then reorienting them on Fruit
fare.  Fruits are not only our best foods; they are our only biologically
mandated foods.  

         Fruits Still Best Meet Our Needs Despite Their Present Lower Quality
We often hear the cry today that we cannot subsist on Fruitarian or
Fruitarian/Vegetarian fare today because of the lowered quality of this type
of foodstuff due to artificial fertilizers and pesticides, among other things.  

This argument is quickly disposed of in two ways:

First, whatever may be said against this kind of fare on this account usually
goes double for the fare the eater is partaking of in its stead.  

Secondly, one may cite the actual components of Fruits and demonstrate
in a most convincing way that Fruits contain all our needs in the quantities
determined to be essential in the Human dietary.  

  Composition Of Fruits Compared To Our Recommended Daily Allowances
We obtain about 90% of the energy potential from Fruits, whereas from
proteins we obtain about 30% of their energy potential.  We must actually
expend more energy in processing foods such as celery and lettuce than is
obtained from the food.  

Calories are meaningful in the Human dietary only from the standpoint of
utilization rather than what energy the food will produce in a firebox.  

If we eat a varied diet of Fruits, the excesses of one, in view of the body's
ability to husband excesses, compensates the deficiencies of the other.  

So we might paraphrase an old saying:

"Eat and be merry.  Eat and don't worry.  Eat correctly without sorrow and
you'll enjoy many a tomorrow."  

                      A Brief Note On The Present Theory Of Caloric Needs
An examination of the peoples the world over who live active lives and thrive
on from 1,200 to 2,000 calories per day affords us grave suspicions as to our
supposed calorie requirements.  Raw food Fruitarians rarely eat more than
2,000 calories per day even if they labor hard and long!  

Fruit fare yields more calories than conventional American fare.  While
conventional fare will yield 3,380 calories in the firebox, it does not yield this
amount of energy to the human digestive/ assimilative system.  

Cooked foods have some of their caloric values destroyed.  

Cooked food eaters require more energy for digesting, processing and
removing the toxic debris of cooked foods.  

Cooked foods are usually eaten with condiments, which are toxic.  More
internal energy is required to deal with toxic materials.  

The average American is toxemic.  More energy is required for body
maintenance purposes than in non-toxemic persons.  

Healthy Fruitarians, conversely, require less calories for internal maintenance
and, because of extraordinary health, make more efficient use of the calories
they obtain.  

Fruit fare yields more than 90% of its calorie potential.  Conventional fare
yields only about 65% to of its calorie potential.  

Taking this into account, plus the extra energies involved in maintaining a
perpetually pathological condition, it can be seen why Fruitarians thrive on
about half the calories considered needed.  

These considerations, of course, resolve nothing.  There are serious
discrepancies between what conventional nutritional science says we need
and the actual needs of raw-food fruitarians.  

To have a margin of safety is an excellent practice, but gluttonizing on
nutrients overloads and burdens the body unduly.  This burdening occasions
pathological problems.  

The body is wise beyond our comprehension and provident beyond our

It flourishes on Fruit fare and will never suffer any of the grave consequences
said to result there from.  Supplying the body with enough is all that we need
concern ourselves with.  

                     Some Charges Made Against Fruits And Fruit Eaters
Most Natural Hygienists may be called timid Fruitarian idealists.  

They are all too willing to admit, even proclaim, that we are naturally
Frugivores and that our ancestors lived either on nearly all or completely
Fruitarian diets.  

"A Fruit meal is the ideal" they espouse.  Yet most of these same people are
unwilling to try subsisting on Fruits!  

Some Hygienists think we must supplement the Fruit diet with some cheese,
others think we must have some vegetables.  Still others think Fruits are great
but should be supplemented with nuts (which are also Fruits botanically).  

"consensus" diet that we have advocated consists of Fruits, Vegetables,
Nuts and Seeds.  

Nevertheless many Hygienists eat seeds, nuts, sprouts, green leaves, stalks,
stems, tubers and grains almost to the exclusion of Fruits!  

These peoples Fruit intake largely consists of avocados, tomatoes, peppers,
cucumbers and squash.  

When asked why they do not eat more Fruit despite giving lip service to Fruit
as the ideal, most Hygienists will tell you that although Fruit may be alright for
short periods of time as a
"cleansing" or "elimination" diet, it is not to be taken
except as a luxury.  These are the charges made against Fruits:  

Fruits are protein poor.  

Fruits have too many free acids.  

Those who subsist on fruits become neurotics.  

Fruits are too poor in iron and anemia results if only Fruits are eaten.  

Those who eat only Fruits will suffer nutritional imbalances and deficiencies.  

Fruit eaters cannot maintain weight and are too thin.  

Fruit eaters become over-alkaline and often suffer alkalosis.  

Fruits are deficient in calcium as well as protein and results in stunted growth
in youngsters.  

Taken together, these statements sound like quite an indictment.  Yet, almost
the same charges were made by the medical profession against both Fruits
and Vegetables 150 years ago.  

Fruit eating was then said to result in fevers, biliousness and other maladies.  
Fruit was treated as a dessert or as a decorative accessory.  

Of course this indictment has never been heard by tribes and peoples who
subsist almost totally on bananas, coconuts, dates, figs and similar fruits.  

Orangutans of the East Indies live exclusively on Fruit and are the most
intelligent and human-like of our primate relatives.  

How can one defend the concept of fruit as our natural food?  Is this stance
hypocritical?  Is there substance to the aforementioned charges?  Is Fruit
really our natural food after all?  Is it possible that it no longer supplies our
needs?  Has the Human constitution changed?  Here we have many
questions arise that need answering.  

                                                Fruits Are Protein-Poor
The charge is made that Fruits are protein poor.  It is true that if you compare
a banana in the dry state with its 5% protein content to a soybean in the dry
state with 35% protein, the banana is, indeed, protein poor.  

But the protein content of any food has relevance only to our need of it as an
item of diet.  So we must understand our need for protein relative to our diet.  

A growing human baby gets a mono diet of its mother's milk for many months
before it touches any other food.  

Mother's milk for her rapidly developing infant contains only 1.1% protein.  
Surely no one can argue that a grown person can require more protein than a
growing child relative to its weight or as a percentage of its diet.  

If anything, the grownup that has attained full development requires less
protein than a nursing tot.

A grown person might get adequate protein on as little as half a percent of his
or her dietary content.  

The RDA for protein is said to be 70 grams daily for an average man of 150
pounds.  This figure is well over twice the actual human need.  

In fact, it is about three times the actual need as established through tests by
Dr. Chittenden of Yale and Dr. Hinhede in Denmark and many others.  

Further, there are groups of physically robust people in the Caribbean who
thrive on an average intake of about 15 grams of protein daily.  (They eat
cassava or manioc.)  

Keeping in mind that the body can obtain up to 70% of its protein needs by
recycling its proteinaceous wastes, it becomes somewhat evident that protein
needs in Humans have been overblown.  

The meat, dairy, poultry and fish industries have made their mark, even on
those who reject animal products as items of food.  

Can we continue to say that Fruits are protein poor?  
If protein is one per cent of our diet, our protein needs are amply met,
then Fruits are protein adequate!  

When we've eaten some 2,250 calories worth of almost any Fruit except
apples, we've also ingested some 25 to 40 grams of protein.  

Inasmuch as most Fruits do contain all the essential amino acids, I would
adjudge that Fruits meet Human needs for protein amply.  

History bears out beyond refutation that Humans have been Fruit eaters
during their entire sojourn on earth excepting a period beginning during the
ice ages.  

Even then, a preponderance of our ancestors still ate Fruits.  Most migrated
south to warmer climes and continued to eat Fruits.  

Grain eating is not more than 10,000 years old.  Meat eating, though much
older than that, was mostly confined to northerly peoples.  

Almost all mythology is built around trees and climatic factors that affected
trees.  Only relatively recent mythologies connect Humans to grain culture
and animal husbandry.  

                                      Fruits Have Too Many Free Acids
The charge that Fruits have too many free acids is false and rather pointless.  
Fruits have no free acid.  All are organic.  

Vinegar, cheese and fermented milk are substances with free acids, namely
acetic and lactic acids.  

Humans are primarily sweet Fruit eaters.  Yet even grapefruits, plums, sour
cherries, sour grapes, lemons, limes and other acidic fare have no free acids.  

The Human body metabolizes most acids in Fruits very well.  Benzoic acid,
tannic acid, oxalic acid and prussic acid, none of which are free acids and all
of which are rare in Fruits, are among those acids that give Humans metabolic

Humans handle citric, tartaric and malic acids very well.  These are the
primary Fruit acids: Perhaps the occasions when Fruit acids give problems
occur when acid Fruits such as lemons, strawberries, pineapples or
grapefruit are eaten along with sweet Fruit such as bananas, dates, figs,
raisins, persimmons or non-Fruit fare.  

The third charge that those who subsist on Fruits become neurotics is simply
ridiculous.  If Fruit is, as we contend, a perfectly wholesome food furnishing
all the needs of human life, then it will occasion nothing but great health.  

While we are the first to affirm that nervous malfunctions or neurosis have
physiological bases, we also point out that these problems stem from toxemia
in almost every such case.  

They often, but not always, precede neurosis.  Most neuroses are
complicated by anxieties, insecurities, worries and other emotional
disruptions begotten by an inhumane social system.  I daresay we have
uncounted millions of neurotics and few are Fruit eaters.  

Unfortunately, our psychologists do not recognize the physical basis of
neurosis and give credence almost completely to emotional, social, economic
and mental factors.  

Physical derangements often lay the groundwork for mental derangements.  
Hence the charge that Fruits cause neurotics is a charge, which I don't think
has ever been substantiated.  

There are Fruit-eating societies of humans in this world and descriptions of
them bespeak the most peaceable, congenial and harmonious dispositions of
any peoples on earth.  

                            Fruits Are Too Poor In Iron And Cause Anemia
The charge that Fruits are too poor in iron and cause anemia is likewise
without foundation.  The body can recycle up to about 95% of its iron supply
and needs very little from the outside.  

It is said that our RDA of iron is some 10 milligrams daily.  This, like other
RDA's, is some two to three times too high.  

Nevertheless, oranges sufficient to meet our caloric needs supply about
twenty milligrams of iron daily.  In fact, if you compared all the Fruits and their
iron content, you'd find every one meeting the RDA for iron with surfeits.  

A food that might be said to be deficient in iron by these RDA's is, of all things,
a mother's milk.

Should Fruits be charged as being Vitamin B-12 poor, then the same can be
said of all foods, even the foods that animals eat.  

Only Meats and certain kinds of algae have what is termed sufficient Vitamin
B-12.  But if animal fare such as grasses, leaves, grains, herbs and Fruits do
not furnish animals with vitamin B-12, how do their organs come to be so rich
in it?  

Why are the organs of Fruit-eating primates rich in it?  How is it that Fruitarian
societies are not anemic from lack of Vitamin B-12?  

The truth is that Humans, like all other animals, obtain ample supplies of
Vitamin B-12 from bacterial production in their intestines.  

Even garlic eaters usually do not destroy enough of their symbiotic bacterial
flora to deny themselves of an adequate supply of Vitamin B-12.  

So I adjudge the charge that Fruit eaters are anemic to be without any
substantive evidence whatsoever.  

The charge that Fruit eaters will suffer nutritional imbalances and deficiencies
likewise finds no basis in fact.  Fruits, eaten judiciously according to their
seasons, furnish us with every nutrient factor, known and unknown, in

Those ancient Greeks, whom we admire so much for their statuesque bodies,
were Fruit eaters.  Most ate heavily of apples, dates, oranges, olives, figs and

The Greek and Roman gods are ascriptions born of reverence for Fruit trees
and food-bearing plants.  

The charge that Fruit eaters are too thin is not borne out by even the simplest

As previously pointed out, the Greeks thrived on fruitarian diets.  Pythagoras,
one of the giants of Grecian literature, philosophy and mathematics, was a
Fruitarian and had a whole school of followers who, likewise, were

Actually, the teachings of Pythagoras very much parallel the teachings of
Buddha, whose teachings Pythagoras was conversant with.  Buddha was,
in essence, a tree worshipper as were Fruitarian societies.  

Bacchus is portrayed as heavily overweight and this is attributed to fig

The charge that Fruit eaters are over alkaline and often suffer alkalosis is,
likewise, baseless.  We humans can harmlessly excrete excess alkaline
substances but, if we get excess acid-forming substances as from Meats,
animal products, cereal foods, etc., we really have problems.  

The body must rob its bones, teeth and other alkaline structures for the
alkalis, mostly calcium, necessary to neutralize the acids generated from acid-
forming foods.  

The maker of this
"alkalosis" charge simply ignored physiology.  It ill becomes
vegetarians or fruitarians to make such a charge.  

Fruits are said to be deficient in calcium.  Our fuel needs can be met amply by
Fruits.  Calcium and a plethora of other nutrients are a component of every
gram of Fruit food.  

When we have eaten sufficient Fruit to supply our caloric needs, say about
2,250 calories, how much of our RDA for calcium have we met?  

The RDA is set at 800 milligrams per day for a 150-pound man.  This, like other
RDA's, is some two to four times too high.  

Nevertheless, let's look at some Fruit foods and their calcium content when
2,250 calories worth have been consumed.  

Oranges, a widely consumed fruit, have about 2,050 milligrams of calcium, 2
1/2 times the RDA.  Apples have 315 mg.  Apricots have 782 mg.  Cantaloupes
have 1,078 mg.  Figs have 1,130 mg.  Bananas have 224 mg. and banana-
eating societies have excellent bone formation by all standards.  Grapes have
440 mg.  Dates have 530 mg.  Mangos 370 mg.  Pineapples 785 mg.  
Watermelon 640 mg, and so on down the line.  

Obviously Fruits supply us amply with our calcium needs.  The saying that
Fruit eaters suffer stunted growth does not withstand serious inquiry.  

As previously noted, statuesque Greeks were Fruit eaters.  

                         Build Your Confidence In The Fruitarian Dietary
Fruit eaters are not usually fat, brawny hulks as are grain, milk and meat
eaters.  The question arises: are these standards forming a criterion of health
or pathology?  

Wrong foods create toxemia.
The illnesses that beset almost all Americans amply attest to this fact.  

Even those who pride themselves on a vegetarian diet or a
"health" diet or
even a Hygienic diet often find themselves suffering toxic conditions.  

Toxemia arises out of practices that cause toxins to be ingested, generated
and/or retained.  

Fruit eating is universally said to be cleansing and promoting the function of
elimination, and it is recognized for its non-toxic nature.  

By: Dr. Herbert M. Shelton

Article: Proteins In The Fruitarian Diet